Sardar Patel - Biography, Lifestyle, Photos, Wiki

Sardar Patel

Who does not know Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who devoted his whole life to liberate slave India. He was the first Home Minister of independent India and the great freedom fighter of India. And also as Deputy Prime Minister of independent India, he merged hundreds of princely states with the Indian Union. Let me tell you that due to his incredible and amazing diplomatic skills and policy perseverance, he was also named as 'Iron Man'.


Sardar Patel


 Today, in this article, we will tell you about the struggle related to the life of the great Indian Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the important things of his life, his significant contribution and achievements in the independence of India, which is as follows.

Name :  Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Birthday : 31 october, 1875 nadiyad gujarat

Death : 15 december 1950 mumbai

Father Name : zaverbhai patel

Mother Name :  ladbai

Wife Name : Jhaverba

Children Name : Dahyabhai and Maniben Patel

Memorial  : Statue of Unity


Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875 in Nadiad, Gujarat, into a zamindar family. He was the fourth son of his father Jhaverbhai Patel and mother Ladbai. His father was a farmer, while his mother was a spiritual and pious woman. Let me tell you that he had three elder brothers Narasibhai, Vittalbhai and Somabhai Patel and a sister named Dahiba Patel. Under the practice of child marriage, Vallabhbhai Patel was also married at the age of 16 to a girl named Jhaverba in 1891. From whom he received two children named Dahyabhai and Maniben Patel.

Vallabhbhai Patel's wife Jhaverba could not stay with him for a long time due to suffering from cancer, Jhaveraba left Vallabhbhai Patel in 1909 and left this world.
Let me tell you that when Vallabhbhai Patel got the news of Jhaverba's death, he was busy in some of his court proceedings, and he continued his proceedings even after hearing this news and he won the case, after that he gave his Wife's death was reported to everyone and after this she spent her entire life with her children.

Sardar Patel

 

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Education


Vallabhai Patel did her early education in a Gujarati medium school, after which she took admission in English Medium School. It took him a long time to complete his schooling. In the year 1897, at the age of 22, he passed his 10th examination.

Due to poor family conditions, instead of going to college, he studied at home by borrowing books, at the same time, he also prepared for the District Magistrate's examination by staying at home, whereas Sardar Patel was so promising to read. That he had scored the highest marks in this examination.

After this, in the year 1910, he went to England to pursue a law degree. He had no experience of going to college, but he was so fast in the intellect that he completed the course of 36 months of law in just 30 months, in this way in 1913 Vallabhbhai Patel got his law from the Ins of Court. He completed his studies, and during this time he topped his college by getting universal marks.

He then returned to India and started his law practice in Godhra, Gujarat. At the same time, seeing his proficient in law, the British government also offered to appoint him to many big positions, but Vallabhbhai Patel did not accept any proposal of the British government, because he did not like British laws at all and his Strongly hostile, he turned down the offer to work with the British.


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Political Career:

 
Sardar Patel


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's role in the freedom struggle:


Inspired by the influential ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, the great independence of India, Vallabhbhai Patel raised his voice against untouchability, casteism, atrocities against women and made a lot of efforts to remove social evil. With this, he adopted the Gandhian ideology and decided to take part in India's freedom movement.


Vallabhbhai Patel's role in Kheda struggle - Kheda Satyagraha


Impressed by the powerful ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, Vallabhbhai Patel played an important role in the Kheda movement in the year 1917, when the Kheda area of ​​Gujarat was in the grip of a severe drought, the farmers were not able to pay taxes imposed by the British. Due to this, the farmers demanded the British government to give tax relief.

But when this proposal of farmers was rejected by the British, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel led a 'No Tax Campaign' on a large scale, and encouraged the farmers not to pay taxes to the British.

At the same time, after this struggle, the British government was forced to succumb to the persistence of Vallabhbhai Patel, and the farmers had to give relief in tax. At the same time, this was the first success by Vallabhbhai Patel in the independence movement.


How did you get the title of 'Sardar':


Patel, who impressed the people with his speech power, inspired the people with his great ideas during the Bardoli Satyagraha waged against the Simon Commission in 1928, due to which people agreed to not pay taxes increased by the British government. And the British Viceroy had to be defeated.

At the same time, Vallabhbhai Patel became famous among the people for taking strong leadership of this movement and the people of Bardoli started calling him Sardar, thus later Sardar started joining in front of his name.

Journey from the president of the corporation to becoming the first home minister of the country:

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's fame was steadily increasing, which is why he won the Corporation elections in Ahmedabad continuously, let me tell you that in the years 1922, 1924 and 1927, he was elected as the President of the Corporation of Ahmedabad. went.

At the same time in 1931, Vallabhbhai Patel was made the chairman of the welcome committee of the 36th Ahmedabad session of the Congress and was appointed as the first chairman of the Congress Committee of Gujarat Pradesh, after which he remained the president of the Congress of Gujarat till 1945.

However, during this time he also had to go to jail several times. After India's independence, he became the Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India. Although Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's fame had spread so much that he was the first contender for the post of Prime Minister, but because of Gandhiji he kept himself away from this race and Jawaharlal Nehru was made the first Prime Minister of the country.


Sardar Patel played an important role in integrating the princely states:


After becoming the Home Minister of independent India, he first organized the kings of different princely states of India using his political foresight and intelligence and made the kings of 565 princely states of India realize that it was not possible to dream of a separate kingdom. .

After which, all the states agreed to merge in India but the Nawabs of Hyderabad, the Nizams of Junagadh and Jammu and Kashmir, refused to merge their princely states into India. After which Vallabhbhai Patel used the army on the strength of his acumen and intelligence to persuade the kings of these three states to merge their princely states into India.

In this way Vallabhbhai Patel unified the Union of India in a peaceful manner without any fighting, whereas he was given the title of Iron Man for this great work.


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and the partition of India:


The growing separatist movement led by Muslim League leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah turned violent Hindu-Muslim riots just before independence. On which Sardar Patel believed such violent and communal riots after independence.

In December 1946, he worked with VP Menon, a civil worker and then represented India on the Partition Council to solve this problem, which would weaken the efficiency of the central government which would prove disastrous to strengthen the democratic nation. did.


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Death


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's health began to deteriorate in the year 1950, while on 2 November 1950, his health deteriorated so much that he could not even get up from bed, after this, on 15 December 1950, he had a heart attack which led to this great soul. has expired.


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Awards


He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor, in 1991. At the same time, his birthday on 31 October was declared as National Unity Day in the year 2014. Apart from this, on 31 October 1965, the postal stamp was also issued as a memorial to Sardar Patel by the Government of India. Not only this, many educational institutions, hospitals and airports were named after him.

Statue of unity

Sardar Patel

The Statue of Unity, the world's tallest statue, was built as a memorial to the iron man Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. The height of which is about 182 meters. The foundation of this statue was laid by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel in 2013, while the world's tallest statue was also inaugurated by Narendra Modi in the year 2018. To read more detail about this "Statue of Unity", click here.

So in this way, Sardar Patel devoted his entire life to the country, he not only played an important role in integrating the divided Indian Union in many parts, but with his intelligence and foresight took many decisions which were of modern India. Used in construction. It is proud for India to be born such great heroes.

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